service-pnp-ppprs-00200-00286r.jpg

Japanese Internment Camp Drawings

Ansel Adams

 

These drawings are based on a series of portraits that Ansel Adams took while on location at the Manzanar Relocation Center in California during 1943. I made these drawings during the COVID lockdown in May of 2020.  The parameters for the project were that I would finish one drawing per day for the month of May.  I worked on these drawings before and after teaching, so the typical working time was from 5 am to 8:30 am and 4:30 pm to 1 am.  The drawings began with a staining of the paper with liquid watercolor or ink, and then the drawings were completed using various markers.  I didn't do any preliminary drawings, nor did I sketch in the lines with pencil.  It was important for me to work without the ability to erase mistakes.  Instead the mistakes became part of the drawing, and sometimes shaped the formal or psychological tone of the drawing.      

Issued by President Franklin Roosevelt on February 19, 1942, executive order 9066 authorized the evacuation of all persons deemed a threat to national security from the West Coast to relocation centers further inland. In the next 6 months, over 100,000 men, women, and children of Japanese ancestry were moved to assembly centers. They were then evacuated to and confined in isolated, fenced, and guarded relocation centers, known as internment camps.


 

Benji Iguchi, tractor driver (portrait) Manzanar Relocation Center, California, 1943.  (Ansel Adams)

73CCC828-2BE0-4D04-A28B-CC7ADCCD94BF_edited.jpg

Private Kato, Manzanar Relocation Center. 1943. 

(Ansel Adams)

8E00608A-50E8-4847-A1A0-B90D43B68F9E_edited_edited.jpg

Mrs. Yaeko Nakamura.  Manzanar Relocation Center.  (Ansel Adams) 1943. 

IMG_0908_edited.jpg

Louise Tami Nakamura.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0926_edited.jpg

Terukio Kiyomura.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0945_edited.jpg

Mrs. May Ichide, Sunday school teacher.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0989_edited.jpg

Miss Tetsuko Murakami.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1014_edited.jpg

Miss Kay Fukuda, U.S.C.N.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1020.jpg

Miss Yuri Yamazaki, (high school student).  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1032.jpg

Catherine Natsuko Yamaguchi, Red Cross Instructor.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1070.jpg

Joyce Yuki Nakamura, (eldest daughter) Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1093.jpg

Fumiko Hirata.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1104_edited_edited.jpg

Nurse Aiko Hamaguchi. Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1117.jpg

Mitsu Nakai and baby.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1124.jpg

Private Margaret Fukuoka, W.A.C.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1135.jpg

Bert K. Miura, clothing designer.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1146.jpg

Sumiko Shigematsu, (foreman of power machines) Manzanar Relocation Center, California. 1943 (Ansel Adams).

8A871961-4BFC-4962-8707-B8AB3311FA04_edited.jpg

Ryobe Nojima, farmer, Manzanar Relocation Center,  California.  (Ansel Adams) 1943. 

D0EEA026-8345-4BB2-9F77-7C03275692DF_edited.jpg

Katsumi Yoshimura, Manzanar Relocation Center, California.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0923.heic

Corporal Jimmy (Jimmie) Shohara. Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0931_edited.jpg

Yoshio Muramoto, electrician.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0950_edited.jpg

Kenji Sano.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_0992_edited.jpg

Masao Nakazawa, chemistry teacher.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1017.jpg

Hidemi Tayenaka.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1029.jpg

Mitsuo Matsuro, fireman.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1062.jpg

Mr. Kay Kageyama.  Manzanar Relocation Center. 1943 (Adams, Ansel)

IMG_1087.jpg

Bunkichi Hayashi.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1098.jpg

Toyo Miyatake, (Photographer).  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1112_edited.jpg

Sadao Munemori, Private First Class, Company A 100th Infantry Battalion.  1942 (Source Photograph courtesy of the Wachtel, Yokohama, and Munemori families) 

IMG_1121_edited.jpg

Kishio Matoba.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

B1B92C3C-CAF8-4EF7-82B3-6EF6C83B06D1.jpg

Michael Yonemetsu, [i.e., Yonemitsu] x-ray technician.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

IMG_1139.jpg

Miri Nakashima.  Manzanar War Relocation Center.  1943 (Ansel Adams)

788248AB-0A97-4815-BACC-085AFBD46A8B.jpg